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  • Writer's pictureMatthew Costabile

Unlocking the Potential of Job Order Contracting (JOC)

In the ever-evolving landscape of construction project delivery, the need for efficient, transparent, and collaborative methods is paramount. Enter Job Order Contracting (JOC), a fast and practical approach to standardized construction procurement. But what exactly is JOC, and how can it revolutionize project delivery timelines?

What is Job Order Contracting?

JOC is a type of Indefinite Delivery, Indefinite Quantity (IDIQ) contract with a fixed duration. The contract is competitively bid and provides owners with an on-call solution for repair, renovation, maintenance, or new construction services, with designated minimum and maximum values for the JOC Program and each JOC Project (called "task orders").

There are three important components of Job Order Contracting:

  1. A "task order" is a detailed, project-specific order issued under a pre-established JOC contract. Task orders define individual projects' scope, duration, cost, and other specifics without needing a separate, full-blown procurement process. Once a JOC contract is in place, individual projects are initiated and managed through these task orders, streamlining the process and allowing for quicker project starts and completions.

  2. To establish a uniform pricing structure, JOC utilizes a locally researched unit price book (UPB) to establish known costs for renovation, repair, and minor new construction projects. The UPB ensures standardization and consistency in pricing, promoting transparency between contracting parties. The UPB accelerates the procurement process by providing predefined prices, enabling cost predictability and streamlined project estimations. Furthermore, it simplifies administrative tasks, reduces potential disputes, and offers an objective benchmark for evaluating project costs, ensuring efficiency and trust in construction contracts.

  3. Finally, a coefficient, known as the JOC coefficient, is applied to the total project costs of a task order developed using the UPB. This coefficient encompasses the contractor's profit, overhead, and other specifics outlined in the JOC Contract requirements.

How are JOCs procured?

JOC is procured through a two‐step process. The initial step involves a qualification selection, akin to the CMAR qualifications-based selection process, with the specifics outlined in the JOC Request for Qualifications.

After the RFQ phase, firms are shortlisted based on their qualifications, and a separate Request for Proposals (RFP) is issued to each. This RFP describes the scoring method, which encompasses the Offeror's price for various JOC services, their unit‐price book coefficient, a qualifications score, and other requirements stipulated by local or state legislation. The top-scoring firms in each category are awarded single or multi-year contracts to provide JOC services.

What are the benefits of JOC?

JOC offers three key advantages:

  • Reduced Administrative Burden: Because JOC streamlines the procurement cycle, the administrative costs of managing multiple, smaller projects are reduced.

  • Efficient Use of Limited Program Funds: More of the allocated budget is directed towards actual construction, ensuring optimal use of resources.

  • Shorter Project Delivery Times: JOC projects typically commence in weeks, bypassing the prolonged delays often associated with traditional construction delivery methods.

How does JOC shorten project timelines?

The essence of JOC lies in its ability to expedite project starts. Since the contractor is already under contract and on-call, owners and facility managers can directly submit a request for proposal to an awarded JOC contractor. Studies indicate that the average procurement time for projects is reduced by over 80% using JOC.

What types of agencies use JOC?

Cities, counties, state and federal agencies, and private owners all use JOC.

  • Los Angeles County utilizes JOC to manage construction procurement, efficiency, and collaboration across a 4,000-square-mile area.

  • Caltrans uses JOC to meet infrastructure needs and is currently using JOC and other APD methods to advance work for state-wide Middle Mile Broadband projects.

  • The Dormitory Authority of the State of New York (DASNY) utilizes JOC to manage construction contracts across ten distinct regions statewide, encompassing areas from New York City and Long Island to the North Country and Western New York.

  • The U.S. Army's Facilities Reduction Program (FRP) uses JOC for various construction and maintenance tasks for facilities nationwide.

While the foundational principles of JOC remain consistent, the scalability of the method makes JOC truly customizable for each owner's need.


JOC continues to offer a blend of efficiency, transparency, and collaboration. By streamlining the procurement process and fostering a collaborative environment, JOC ensures projects are delivered on time, within budget, and to the highest quality standards.

Thinking about your first or next JOC?

At Mission Critical, we pride ourselves on being more than just consultants; we are your strategic partners in JOC pursuits. Over the past 12 years, our expertise has guided five contractors to their inaugural JOC shortlist and subsequent win.

Our commitment doesn't stop at the first victory. We've been part of 11 teams successfully securing their follow-on JOC contracts. Our track record speaks to our strong understanding of the JOC landscape, tailored approach to each client's unique needs, and unwavering dedication to ensuring success.

Don't leave your JOC pursuits to chance. Partner with Mission Critical and leverage our proven expertise to elevate your JOC strategy. Whether you're aiming for your first win or looking to maintain your winning streak, we're here to guide you every step of the way. Contact us today, and let's build a legacy of success together.

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We are Mission Critical  

Mission Critical partners with firms new to writing or developing Alternative Project Delivery pursuits and Top 400 firms focusing on their next big infrastructure project.


To discuss your Alternative Project Delivery pursuit goals with Mission Critical, please contact RoAnn Thorne, Principal. 

RoAnn Thorne, STP, ENV SP
(602) 833-8673

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